Optimizing DAX Video Course

This video course teaches you how to optimize queries and measures in DAX.

DAX is the native language of Power Pivot for Excel, Power BI Desktop and SSAS Tabular models in Microsoft SQL Server Analysis Services. This video course is aimed at users of Power BI and Analysis Services developers who already know the DAX language and want to learn how to optimize DAX formulas and models for improving performance.

The goal of the video course is to enable you to find bottlenecks in DAX calculations using Performance Analyzer and DAX Studio, providing the knowledge to improve the performance by using different DAX formulas or by changing the data model, when required. The video course is made up of over 35 hours of lectures covering the formula engine, the VertiPaq storage engine, and DirectQuery over SQL – other hours of lectures will be added by early 2024 with the additional section for composite models. You can watch the videos at any time, and the system will keep track of your progress.

The companion content available to the students includes:

  • The PDF version of Optimizing DAX The book includes a detailed description of all the modules of the video course. You have access to draft versions before the book is published by the end of 2023.
  • PBIX files for all the demos
  • DAX code for all the demos
  • Backup of SQL Server databases to refresh the PBIX files
  • BIM file to create Analysis Services databases used for demos with large models

Students have access to a private discussion area where they can interact with the instructors, asking questions related to the lectures and the exercises.

Prerequisites: Students need a good knowledge of the DAX Language, and a previous experience using Power BI Desktop or Analysis Services Tabular. You may acquire this knowledge by following the Mastering DAX Workshop, or by having equivalent real-world experience.

Collapse allCurriculum

  • Introduction

    • Introduction
      FREE
    • Prerequisites
      FREE
    • Sections and naming conventions
  • Download software, demos, and book

    • Software prerequisites
      FREE
    • Hardware prerequisites
      FREE
    • Download the demo files
    • Optimizing DAX book
  • Introducing optimization with examples

    • Introducing optimization with examples
      FREE
    • Introduction
      FREE
    • Optimizing DAX
      FREE
    • Optimizing the model
    • Conclusions
    • Links to external content
  • Introducing the Tabular query architecture

    • Introducing the Tabular query architecture
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Introducing the formula engine
    • Introducing VertiPaq and DirectQuery architectures
    • Introducing the VertiPaq storage engine
    • Introducing the DirectQuery over SQL storage engine
    • Introducing DirectQuery over AS
    • Introducing data islands and cross-island query resolution
    • Different types of models
  • Using the Power BI Desktop performance analyzer

    • Using the Power BI Desktop performance analyzer
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Running Performance Analyzer
    • Understanding the numbers reported by Performance Analyzer
    • Optimizing queries or measures?
    • What can be optimized
    • Saving performance data
    • Conclusions
    • Links to external content
  • Using DAX Studio

    • Using DAX Studio
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Installing DAX Studio
    • Introducing the metrics of a database
    • Introducing All Queries
    • Capturing Excel queries (MDX)
    • Introducing Load Performance Data
    • Introducing Query Plan and Server Timings
    • Links to external content
  • Introducing query plans

    • Introducing query plans
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Introducing the logical query plan
    • Introducing the physical query plan
      FREE
    • Introducing storage engine queries
    • Query plans in DirectQuery
    • Conclusions
  • Understanding the DAX Formula Engine

    • Understanding the DAX Formula Engine
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Understanding datacaches
    • Understanding materialization
    • Understanding callbacks
      FREE
    • Formula engine with different storage engines
    • Understanding vertical fusion
    • Understanding horizontal fusion
    • Examples of formula engine calculations

      • Sales of best products
      • Top three colors
    • Measuring performance
    • Gathering important timings from the query plan
    • Analyzing query plans and timings
    • Conclusions
  • Understanding query plans

    • Understanding query plans
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Query plan structure
    • Query plan operator types
    • Interactions between the formula engine and the storage engine
    • Common query plan operators
    • Examples of query plans

      • Comparing SUM versus SUMX
      • IF versus IF.EAGER
      • Filtering with DAX versus using relationships
      • Understanding SWITCH optimization
    • Conclusions
  • Optimizing the formula engine

    • Optimizing the formula engine
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Optimizing datacache use
    • Sales of best products
    • Running total of sales and ABC analysis
    • Year-over-year customer growth as a percentage
    • Conclusions
  • Understanding the VertiPaq engine

    • Understanding the VertiPaq engine
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Using VertiPaq Analyzer
    • Tabular data types
    • Introduction to the VertiPaq columnar database
    • Understanding VertiPaq compression
      FREE
    • Understanding segmentation and partitioning
    • Understanding the importance of sorting
    • Understanding VertiPaq relationships
    • Understanding attribute hierarchies
    • Optimizing VertiPaq model examples

      • Sales amount versus quantity and net price
      • Storing currency conversion data
      • Date time versus date and time
    • Conclusions
  • Understanding VertiPaq relationships

    • Understanding VertiPaq relationships
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Regular, unidirectional one-to-many relationships
    • Regular, bidirectional one-to-many relationships
    • Regular, one-to-one relationships
    • Limited, many-to-many cardinality relationships
    • Conclusions
  • Analyzing VertiPaq storage engine queries

    • Analyzing VertiPaq storage engine queries
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Analyzing simple xmSQL queries
    • Introducing basic VertiPaq functionalities
    • Introducing batches
    • Understanding internal and external SE queries
    • Understanding distinct count in xmSQL
    • Understanding VertiPaq joins and filters

      • Introducing VertiPaq joins
        FREE
      • Introducing bitmap indexes
      • Introducing reverse joins
    • Understanding VertiCalc and callbacks

      • Understanding VertiCalc and callbacks
      • Understanding CallbackDataID
      • Understanding EncodeCallback
      • Understanding LogAbsValueCallback
      • Understanding RoundValueCallback
        FREE
      • Understanding MinMaxColumnPositionCallback
      • Understanding Cond
    • Understanding the VertiPaq cache
    • Choosing the correct data type for VertiPaq calculations
    • Conclusions
  • Optimizing common DAX constructs

    • Optimizing common DAX constructs
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Optimizing nested iterations
    • Understanding the effect of context transition
    • Different ways of performing a distinct count
    • Optimizing LASTDATE calculations
    • Avoid using SUMMARIZE and clustering
    • Optimizing division by checking for zeroes
    • Reducing the extent of the search by removing blanks
    • Optimizing time intelligence calculations
    • Distinct count over large cardinality columns
    • Conclusions
    • Links to external content
  • Moving and applying filters to tables

    • Moving and applying filters to tables
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Different filters in CALCULATE

      • Different filters in CALCULATE
      • Analyzing single-column filters
      • Analyzing multiple-column filters
      • Analyzing filters over multiple tables
    • Understanding sparse or dense filters
    • Filter columns, not tables
    • Modeling many-to-many relationships

      • Modeling many-to-many relationships
      • Testing the bidirectional model
      • Testing the star model
      • Testing the snake model
      • Testing the advanced snake model
    • Conclusions
  • Optimization examples for VertiPaq

    • Optimization examples for VertiPaq
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Reducing nested iterations
    • Optimizing complex filters in CALCULATE
    • Running faster than Fusion
    • Currency conversion
    • Optimizing cumulative totals
    • Average price variation of products over stores
    • Optimizing number of days with no sales
    • Computing open orders
    • Optimizing SWITCH and nested measures
    • Conclusions
  • Understanding security optimizations

    • Understanding security optimizations
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Testing security conditions and their performance impact
    • Understanding when and where security is enforced
    • Understanding cached bitmap indexes and embedded filters
    • Optimizing dynamic security
    • Optimizing static security on the fact table
    • Optimizing dynamic security on the fact table
    • Conclusions
  • Understanding DirectQuery over SQL

    • Understanding DirectQuery over SQL
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Reading SQL code in this course
    • Reading the numbers in DAX Studio
    • Callback operations
    • Calculated tables
    • Calculated columns
    • How caching works in DirectQuery over SQL
    • Understanding latency to send queries to the remote server
    • Max number of rows in a data cache
    • Different types of relationships

      • Regular one-to-many relationships
      • Limited many-to-many relationships
      • One-to-one relationships
    • DirectQuery over SQL max parallel queries
    • Using different data islands
    • Introducing aggregations and hybrid tables
    • Conclusions
  • Optimizing DirectQuery over SQL

    • Optimizing DirectQuery over SQL
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Building an SQL data model for Analysis Services

      • Introduction
      • Designing indexes
      • Using columnstore indexes
      • Choosing column data types
      • Do not use Power Query transformations
    • Optimizing relationships

      • Choosing the best data type for relationships
      • Relying on referential integrity
      • Using COMBINEVALUES to implement multi-column relationships
    • Using aggregations

      • Introducing aggregations
      • Introducing VertiPaq aggregation and Dual storage mode
      • Designing aggregations for simple calculations
      • Designing aggregations for row-level calculations
      • Designing aggregations for distinct count
      • Aggregations are not VertiPaq aliases of DirectQuery tables
      • Manually activating aggregations in DAX
      • Using automatic aggregations
    • Using hybrid tables

      • Introducing hybrid tables
      • Hybrid tables and distinct count
      • Creating hybrid tables with incremental refresh
    • Conclusions
  • Optimization examples for DirectQuery

    • Optimization examples for DirectQuery
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Optimizing LASTDATE calculations
    • Optimizing division by checking for zeroes
    • Optimizing time intelligence calculations
    • Computing distinct counts
    • Conclusions
  • Understanding composite models
    Added Apr 15, 2024

    • Understanding composite models
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Introducing composite models
    • Understanding wholesale and retail calculations
    • Calculated tables
    • Calculated columns
    • Tracing remote queries
    • Understanding relationships between tables
    • Understanding special DAX functions for composite models
    • Splitting calculations between wholesale and retail
    • Conclusions
  • Composite models optimization examples
    Added Apr 15, 2024

    • Composite models optimization examples
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Static segmentation
    • Budget and time intelligence calculations
    • Dynamic ABC analysis
    • Conclusions
  • Understanding complex models
    Added Apr 15, 2024

    • Understanding complex models
      FREE
    • Introduction
    • Understanding the role of the formula engine in complex models
    • Calculated tables
    • Calculated columns
    • Relationships in complex models
    • Using SQL Server features to avoid multiple data islands
    • Using VertiPaq to snapshot expensive DirectQuery queries
    • Conclusions
  • Conclusion

    • Conclusion
      Added Apr 15, 2024
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Would you prefer a classroom course?

This video course is based on a classroom course we teach all around the world. If you prefer a classroom learning experience, take a look at the dates below for a list of our upcoming classroom courses!
Sorry, there are no classroom courses scheduled at this time.